ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 40-44

Overcoming Difficult Chronic Total Occlusion: Increasing the Applicability of Endovascular Intervention to Patients with Challenging Re - entry: Double Balloon Technique in Crossing Challenging Chronic Total Occlusions


Department of Vascular Surgery, Kasr Ani Hospital, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed Reyad Tawfik
Department of Vascular Surgery, Kasr Ani Hospital, Cairo University, Giza
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0972-0820.183643

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Context: Chronic total occlusions (CTOs) sometimes are a challenge for endovascular intervention, especially in developing countries where new devices used to cross CTOs are either unavailable or too expensive. Using basic endovascular tools remains the only solution in such cases when patients were at high risk for open surgical intervention. We present our experience of using double balloon technique to cross CTO lesions in the femoropopliteal segment after failure of known traditional techniques, i.e. intraluminal, subintimal angioplasty, and subintimal arterial flossing with antegrade–retrograde intervention (SAFARI technique). We looked for technical success of double balloon technique in such difficult CTO. Aims: To assess the safety and applicability of double balloon technique in crossing long and complex CTOs lesions, where new crossing re-entry devices are unavailable. Subjects and Methods: This is a retrospective study to look into cases between November 2013 and October 2015, in Kasr Ani Hospital, Cairo University, Egypt. Results: The success rate of the technique was 100%. Conventional Methods: Intraluminal, subintimal angioplasty, and SAFARI technique for crossing CTOs in the femoropopliteal territory were used in 350 lesions, but it failed in 30 where double balloon technique was used. The technical success rate of the technique was 100%. Conclusions: Double balloon technique was safe and cheap. It should replace the use of new re-entry devices keeping them only in bail-out cases after the failure of this technique.


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