ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 185-190

Percutaneous chemical lumbar sympathectomy for buerger's disease: Results in 147 patients


1 Department of Surgery, Government Medical College and Allied Hospitals, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Consultant in Plastic Surgery, Chennai Plastic Surgery, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Associate Consultant in Surgical Oncology, Asian Institute of Medical Sciences, Faridabad, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dhananjaya Sharma
Department of Surgery, Government Medical College and Allied Hospitals, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_23_17

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Objectives: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and clinical outcome of percutaneous chemical lumbar sympathectomy (PCLS) in Buerger's disease (thromboangiitis obliterans [TAO]). Design: This was a retrospective comparative study. Methods: TAO patients who underwent PCLS in surgery department of a teaching hospital in Central India. Diagnosis of TAO was made on clinical grounds and color Doppler study. PCLS was done under image guidance after amputation of gangrene or before if a clear line of demarcation was lacking. After PCLS, patients were followed up on next day and after 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Outcome monitored were improvement in rest pain (using visual analog scale) and healing of ischemic ulcers. Results: All patients were males, chronic bidi smokers, mostly in the third decade of life. All had involvement of lower limbs either ischemic rest pain or ischemic ulcers or gangrene of toes/forefoot. A total of 167 PCLS (20 bilateral) were performed on 147 TAO patients from June 2008 to January 2016. Imaging modalities were computed tomography scan (n = 67), digital X-ray (n = 50), and C-arm fluoroscopy (n = 50). Success rate for chemical neurolysis was > 82%. Excellent long-lasting rest pain relief was obtained in > 80% patients. Ulcer healing was seen in majority of patients. Large number of limbs (103/167) had gangrene of toe/multiple toes/part of forefoot. Those with patent popliteal artery fared better. Conclusions: PCLS can provide safe and efficient treatment for rest pain and healing of ischemic ulcers in TAO.


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