Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-22

Iatrogenic vascular injuries: An institutional experience

1 Department of Vascular Surgery, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Vascular Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Department of Vascular Surgery, Apollo Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Vascular Surgery, Vijaya Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. C Shanmugavelayutham
Department of Vascular Surgery, Stanley Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_46_18

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Introduction: Iatrogenic vascular injuries are emergency referrals to the vascular surgeon. They can lead to prolonged hospitalization, higher cost, limb loss, mortality, and litigation. Aim: The aim of this study is to analyze the referral patterns and outcomes of iatrogenic vascular injuries managed in our institution from 2008 to 2013. Materials and Methods: Patients with iatrogenic vascular injuries referred to the vascular surgery department of our institution from July 2008 to Sep 2013 were included in this study. Those with isolated injury to superficial venous system were excluded from the study. Data were collected from a prospectively maintained database and analyzed with respect to patient characteristics, mode and type of vascular injury, intervention, and outcomes. Results: The incidence of iatrogenic vascular injuries was progressively on the rise year on year during the study period. The incidence was most common in the age group of 31–45 years contributing about 30%. The incidence was more in males (65%). A significant number of iatrogenic vascular injuries occurred in pediatric population (25%). The most common mode of iatrogenic vascular injuries in children was due to intravascular injections and it accounted for 50% of amputations. There was no difference in the incidence among medical and surgical specialties. Conclusion: Iatrogenic vascular injuries appear to progress day by day. Early and proper management can be a limb or life-saving. Late referral ended up in limb or life loss. Thorough knowledge of anatomy and image-guided interventions can be a preventive measure of iatrogenic vascular injuries.

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