Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37-41

Evaluation of radiofrequency ablation for primary varicose veins: A preliminary study

1 Department of Surgery, KAMSRC, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Surgery, AFMC, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Surgery, Command Hospital, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jayachandra Reddy Metta
Department of Surgery, KAMSRC, Hyderabad, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_64_18

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Background: Endovenous radiofrequency ablation is gaining popularity as an alternative to conventional surgical treatment of varicose veins. The initial experience with this treatment modality is presented along with review of literature. Methods: A prospective study of 31 consecutive patients with primary great saphenous vein varicosities was undertaken. The procedure was performed under spinal anesthesia using bipolar radiofrequency induced thermotherapy CELON (Olympus) system with continuous pull-back technique. Additionally, multiple stab phlebectomies were performed to deal with tributary varices. Post-operatively; at one, four, twelve and twenty four weeks, the patients were followed up in out-patient department with clinical examination and ultrasound duplex imaging. The occlusion of great saphenous vein trunk, length of residual patent proximal great saphenous vein and improvement in quality of life using revised Venous Clinical Severity Score and Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire were recorded and analysed using appropriate statistical methods. Results: The mean (SD) age of patients was 41.8 (14.1) years with an average BMI of 23.4 kg/m2. Ten patients had C2 disease, four C3, thirteen C4, and two each; C5 and C6 disease. Average length of great saphenous vein ablated was 41.9 cm with a mean ablation time of 62.3 (18.6) seconds. Post procedure total occlusion rate at 24 weeks follow-up, was 93.1% and the quality of life indices showed a statistically significant improvement. Conclusion: Endovenous radiofrequency ablation holds immense promise as a safe and effective modality for the treatment of varicose veins of lower limbs.

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