CASE REPORT
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 208-210

Leiomyosarcoma of inferior vena cava – An institutional experience


Department of CVTS, Division of Vascular Surgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sreekumar Ramachandran
Department of CVTS, Division of Vascular Surgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_6_19

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Primary inferior vena cava (IVC) tumors are rare with the incidence of about 0.05% overall with leiomyosarcoma (LMS) being malignant and the most common. They are late to present and slow growing, seen predominantly in females in their fifth or sixth decades and have a poor prognosis with a 5-year survival rate touching about 35% even with complete surgical resection. We present our experience with two patients diagnosed to have IVC LMS and underwent complete surgical resection of the tumor with reconstruction of IVC using coated polyester graft. In one patient, only infrarenal IVC was reconstructed, whereas in second patient, bilateral renal veins were also reconstructed along with suprarenal IVC. There is no consensus regarding the optimal treatment of this aggressive tumor, but complete excision of the tumor with wide margins with or without IVC reconstruction have been widely accepted as primary modality of treatment. Neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemoradiotherapy have limited role in the management of this rare tumor.


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