Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 256-261

Early and mid-term results of surgical and endovascular intervention in total occlusion of superficial femoral artery: Which one is better?

1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ordu State Hospital, Ordu, Turkey
2 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Private Medicalpark Hospital, Bursa, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mihriban Yalcin
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Ordu State Hospital, Ordu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_37_19

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Objectives: Lower extremity peripheral artery disease is a common and important type of systemic atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study is to compare safety and effectiveness of balloon angioplasty, primary stenting and femoropopliteal bypass to treat total superficial femoral artery (SFA) lesions. Methods: 181 consecutive limbs from 149 patients who underwent endovascularly or surgically infrainguinal interventions between June 2013 and June 2017 were included in this retrospective study. Seventy-four legs (40.2%) underwent femoropopliteal bypass surgery, 58 legs (31.5%) were treated with balloon angioplasty, and nitinol stents were used in 49 (23.9%) legs. Results: A total of 149 patients were treated; surgically 56 patients and endovascularly 45 + 40 patients. The mean follow-up time was 24 months (range 4–56 months). The patency rates were 86.7% in the angioplasty group, 82.5% in the stent group, and 94.6% in the bypass group at the end of 24 months (P = 0.159). The rate of reintervention was three patients in the bypass group, six patients in the angioplasty group, and seven patients in the stent group (P = 0.159). The mean reintervention time in bypass was 52.075 months, 43.467 months in balloon angioplasty, and 44.075 months in stent group. Conclusions: There was no significant difference between groups in terms of reintervention and patency rates.

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