Year : 2021  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-34

Ultrasound color duplex parameters of patients presenting with lower limb varicose veins at outpatient department of university hospital of Nepal

Department of Surgery (CTVS-Unit), Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Amit Kumar Singh
Department of Surgery (CTVS-Unit), Kathmandu University, Dhulikhel
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijves.ijves_11_20

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Background: Varicose vein is prominent dilated veins of lower limbs. Incomplete treatment and local recurrence are still the clinical challenge among the vascular surgeons. We aim to evaluate the range of imaging on color duplex describing the anatomy of veins, their variants, valve competencies, territories of defective venous system, demographic data, and the factors contributing among the patients referred to Vascular Outpatient Department of Kathmandu University Hospital. Objective: The aim was to know the ultrasound (US) color duplex parameters of superficial venous system in varicose vein. Materials and Methods: We included 299 patients during the study of 6 months with varicose veins for detailed US Doppler analysis. Gray-scale US was done to study the anatomy of veins followed by color duplex and color duplex spectrometry to determine the reflux of the superficial venous system. Quantification of reflux was determined by the use of Valsalva maneuver. Association of great saphenous vein (GSV) cross-sectional diameter and saphenofemoral junction incompetence was also studied. Results: Of 299 varicose vein cases, 52.50% were female. Among involved cases, the mean of GSV diameter was 5.43 mm in the right and 5.68 mm in the left. Saphenofemoral junction diameter was 7.89 mm in the right and 8.17 mm in the left. Receiver operative characteristics curve showed GSV diameter at femoral condyl of 4.5 mm as best cutoff value for the diagnosis saphenofemoral junction reflux. Conclusions: US color duplex is investigation of choice for varicose vein as a preoperative analysis tool, quantifying the superficial valve incompetency, studying and mapping the venous anatomy, and planning the surgery.

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